Deadheading roses is the simple act of removing spent flowers to tidy up the rose bush and to encourage more blooms.
Once your rose flowers begin to fade, it's time for deadheading your roses.
Removing the spent flowers will prevent your rose plants from wasting energy on producing hips, which are the fruits of the rose plant.
This is the correct and most effective way to deadhead roses:
Cut off the faded flowers, using a pruning tool.
Make the cut below the bloom just ABOVE the FIRST leaflet.
This is a new method that applies to all Large-flowered Roses.
Not only does the rose come back into flower between flushes more quickly, using this method, but with appreciably more flowers.
This principle of retaining maximum foilage on a rose should be observed when deadheading Cluster-flowered Roses as well.
Recent trials have clearly established that the more foilage a rose plant bears, the more flowers it puts out.
So therefore it's now recommended that dead flowerheads should be snapped off at the abscission layer.
This is the swollen sectionin the stem below the bloom, normally where the first leaflet is found, and it is where the rosehip would normally be shed.
Rose Hips, The Fruit Of The Rose Plant
Roses that bloom only once a year, doesn't need to be deadheaded if you like the ornamental hips. The rose hips are a favorite with the birds in the winter, when food is scarce.
But for repeat flowering roses, deadheading these roses, greatly increases flower production throughout the growing season.
Removing spent blooms also make your rose plants look better and makes your garden look well kept.
A few dead flowers on a rose bush, really takes away the beauty of the new rose blooms.
Even A Cat Loves The Scent of Roses
When trimming the faded flowers, it's best to remove as few leaves as possible, so the plant doesn't loose energy.
Always use pruning shears and make the cut on an angle.
You should stop removing spent flowers from your rose plants about a month before the first frost in your area.
Here is a nice guide on how to handle Deadheading Flowers.
Deadheading roses encourages your rose plants to produce new growth, and tender new shoots are very prone to cold damage.