Heirloom Old Garden Roses
Types Of Old Roses
Heirloom Old Garden Roses,very old garden roses such as heirloom
old World roses, were grown in the gardens of Europe and Asia for many hundreds of years.
Old roses were originally derived from Wild Roses, but it was the trade with Asia that brought
a flood of important new rose species into Europe. These wild roses became the ancestors of
practically every modern rose.
When adventurers and travellers brought species together that would never have met naturally,
it resulted in a lot of change such as hybridization. Through the process of mutation, selection
and crossing over, many beautiful old garden roses were born.
However, it was the China Rose, arriving around year 1789, that inspired the rose breeders, because it repeat flowered.
Rose breeders collected pollen and crossed species, leading to an explosion of the types of old
roses, that we today call Heirloom Old Garden Roses, or Antique Roses.
Below is a list and some pictures with information about the different types of heirloom old garden roses
Gallica Roses have become known as the finest of the Heirloom Old Garden Roses, and they flower once in
summer with a long-lasting spectacular show of flowers.
These flowers are usually pink, red or purple and they have an intense fragrance. The plants
generally have few thorns and very attractive dark green foilage.
Rosa Mundi (Rosa Gallica)
, a gallica rose from year 1581. The name of this rose can mean either 'Rose of the World"
or 'Rosamund's', a woman said to have been the unfortunate mistress of Henry 11.
It's one of the most delicious heirloom old garden roses you can find, with it's pink and white stripes and green foilage on a compact bush.
It flowers with an abundance and puts on a powerful show in late spring or early summer.
It is intensely fragant.
Zones 4-10, height 3-4 feet.
These roses probably originated from Damascus, hence it's name.
There are two kinds of Damask Roses, Summer Damasks which flower only once in summmer, and Autumn
Damasks, which were the only Heirloom Old Garden Roses of their time, to deliver a second flowering.
Damask Roses are intensely fragrant flowers and the colors are usually white, pink or red.
Mme. Hardy (Rosa Damask)
, a Damask Rose from year 1832. Many consider this rose to be the most
beautiful, old garden summer-flowering white rose in the World. Slightly cupped blooms open flat and
quartered, the dark green foilage is a perfect back drop to this lovely rose.
It is a tall dense shrub that puts on fantastic display of flowers for about 3-4 weeks in summer.
The plant is literally covered with fragrant blooms for this time.
Monsieur Alexander Hardy, rose breeder and Director of the Luxemburg Gardens in Paris, named
this rose after his wife, who was Felicite Parmantier, before her marriage. You'll find a
rose with that name in the Albas's.
Centifolia or Province Roses
Centifolia Roses, these one hundred petalled roses, also referred to as 'Cabbage Roses' were raised
in the seventeenth Century by Dutch hybridists. These heirloom old garden roses can be seen in the great Dutch flower
paintings of that period. They flower for a brief period in the summer.
Packed with soft petals, Centifolias are very beautiful and considered to be the most intensely
fragrant of all roses and are still cultivated in Provance for their perfume.
The Moss Roses are really aberrant Centifolia Roses, which appeared in the mid-seventeenth Century.
They produce a moss like growth on their flower stems, sepals and buds. The flowers are fragrant
and mostly once-blooming.
Alba is the Latin word for white, and this was the color of all the early Albas.These roses
dates back to ancient Rome and the artists of the Renaissance loved to paint them.
Also known as the 'white roses', the Albas make elegant once-flowering shrubs. The flowers are
generally white or very pale pink against blue-green leaves, which is an attractive contrast.
These heirloom old garden roses tend to be tall, strong and long-lived and are very disease resistant and cold hardy.
In China and East Asia, this significant group of roses had developed in total isolation from
the rest of the world. They flowered repeatedly throughout summer and autumn, not just in summer,
like the rest of the roses in other parts of the world.
In the late eighteenth and nineteenth Centuries, four kinds in particular were brought to Europe,
which resulted in the creation of the Modern Garden Roses.
Tea Roses were developed from two tea-scented China Roses. A whole new repeat-flowering group
of roses called Tea Roses was introduced with beautiful and graceful blooms.
They were grown mainly in France at first, since they are somewhat tender and unsuited to colder
climates because of their ancestry. The name Tea, comes from the fact that roses were transported
to Europe along with cargoes of tea by the ships of the East India Company.
The flowers are in the light yellow, pink or white range and their canes are almost thornless.
Tea Roses, for the most part, resent hard pruning and it's better to just remove dead, spindly
and criss-crossed wood, do frequent deadheading and prune lightly to shape.
This repeat-flowering group of heirloom old garden roses, is the result of a Gallica, Damask, Centifolia and China
cross. The group is named for the Duchess Of Portland.
The flowers are very fragrant, usually pink, long-blooming and the plants are sturdy, compact and
They are excellent for smaller gardens or in mass plantings.
The Bourbon Roses were the first repeat-flowering roses to be created from the Chinas. This cross occured
initially on the island of 'Ile de Bourbon' in The Indian Ocean, hence the name of the group.
Bourbon Roses are vigorous plants with charming heavenly old rose fragrant blooms that keeps on
blooming all summer long if you remove spent blooms and fertilize frequently.
Many Bourbons are inclinded to climb but can be kept as bushes with some sort of support.
Hybrid Perpetual Roses
This repeat-flowering group was the result of hybridization and selection, mainly in the open field
Hybrid Perpetuals were the dominant class of roses in Victorian England, and they bear a close
resemblance to Bourbons, from which they were derived.
the fragrant flowers are usually pink or red (sometimes white) and bloom from spring through fall
'Mme John Laing' rose
is a very fragrant Hybrid Perpetual. The flowers are double and has a lovely
silvery pink color. This rose flowers profusely, and it's compact growth habit makes it a perfect
rose for a small garden or large container for a sunny patio or deck.
This group of repeat-flowering Climbers was developed by Phillippe Noisette of Charleston, South
Carolina. He introduced them in France when he moved there in 1817.
Noisettes are large, climbing plants with clusters of fragrant flowers the color of yellow, creamy
white, ivory creamy apricot, creamy pink.
All of them are extremely beautiful and many are intensely fragrant. Noisettes thrives in sunny and
warm climates, and are very popular in the southeastern part of United States. They are cold tender
and should best be grown in warm climates.
Although most Heirloom Old Garden Roses flower only once a year, do not let this stop you from growing
these beauties from the past.
When they do flower, they put so much energy into it, that it is a very spectacular show for several weeks
each summer that is well worth it.