How Do I identify the Type of Rose I Have?

(north-central North Carolina (USA)

QUESTION: This must seem like the dumbest question ever, but how do I determine what type of rose I have and thus how to care for it? Obviously, I am brand-new to gardening.
The rose in question is very old, probably in place for 40 or 50 years. I have a photo of it from the 1960s or '70s blooming in a large bush shape, but I wonder if it could be a climber, or perhaps just badly mistreated (by me). It had only a few blooms (in May) the year I moved into the house, and I was advised to trim the canes to waist height in late December and to remove dead canes at the base, which I did. The following spring, it bloomed again, just once and in May. It produced a very few small branches (twigs) and two very long new canes that grew and grew, maybe 8 feet long total. I trimmed these back to the height of the remainder of the bush in December 2012, but now wonder if that was a mistake. I very much want to preserve the rose and love its color and appearance. The blooms are flatter and more open than roses seen in a floral shop. They are a deep pink-red with a light fragrance. I would appreciate any advice you might offer on the general care of the plant, including when to water, fertilize and, of course, how to prune. Last year, when I pruned, I put some of the removed pieces in water and months later one (just one!) rooted. I planted it in a pot inside, then moved it outdoors when the worst of the August heat had subsided. In November, when I put pine bark mulch around the main rose, I dug a small hole near it, wrapped the pot in paper, planted the pot in the hole and mulched it deeply. So far, it's alive. I need to know when to dig up the pot and how, when and where to replant this baby rose without the pot. If I keep it near the Mom rose, how far apart should they be?
Many, many thanks.
ANSWER: Hello,

You mentioned that the rose only bloomed ONCE in spring. This means it's an once-flowering old rose and they should only be pruned right AFTER flowering in summer.

This is because they mostly bloom on old wood grown the previous season.

So if you prune in winter you are pruning off all that new growth so you will hardly have any flowers for spring.

Don't prune down the old rose to hard during summer. What you should do this summer right after flowering is to cut off at the base a few of the oldest canes. This will stimulate new more productive canes.

Use a pruning saw for doing this.

Since you are new to gardening and caring for roses you should read this page about how to care for roses:

Rose Care
Regarding the rose cutting, you could plant it in a large container pot, using potting soil for roses until it grows a bit and then plant it in a sunny spot in your garden when it has grown.
Do not plant too close to the "mother rose", because it will eventually get just as big.
I do not know if your old rose is a climber or not.
If not trained up a support climbers will grow into very large rose bushes.

Let me know if you have any more questions ok.

Best Regards,


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