Are you a beginner gardener who like to learn rose gardening?
Or maybe you tried rose gardening but never learned the proper way how to grow and care for roses.
This page will give you a good lesson for rose gardening, and help you be successful.
It's very important to find out what specific rose bushes will do well in your climate zone.
Not all roses do well in every area.
For example, if you garden in an area with hot and humid summers, you need to find roses that can handle those climate conditions.
And the easiest way to find those roses is to contact your local American Rose Society.
Just do a Google search and include your city or state, and then use the contact form on their web site.
I am a member of the American Rose Society and also of our local Los Angeles Rose Society and I know how helpful we Rosarians are.
They are fool-proof roses to learn rose gardening with, because they grow well in hot or cold climates and are very disease resistant and are very easy to grow.
However, checking with your local Rose Society is a good idea before buying any rose plants.
LOCATION: You must choose a spot with full sun for at least 6 hours per day.
Light afternoon shade in very hot climates zones is very good.
I also recommend an open area that gets good air circulation, because it helps to discourage foilage diseases, such as black spot and powdery mildew.
And never plant roses where the roots of trees and aother shrubs will compete with the rose roots.
DRAINAGE: Roses hate to grow in standing water, so well-draining soil is critical.
If you have heavy clay soil that won't drain well, build a raised bed about a foot high, and also mix some sand with the clay soil.
WATERING: Regular water is essential for strong rose plants and lots of rose blooms.
To keep water from evaporating, apply a 2-3 inch layer of mulch beneath your roses, to help conserve mosture.
I also reommend you underplant your roses with some low-growing hardy geraniums.
Not only will they make your rose bushes look beautiful, but will also keep the soil cool and moist.
FERTILIZING: Every spring work in a spadeful or two of compost around the base of the roses.
Every three weeks after that, fertilize your roses with a liquid organic fertlizer.
At planting time and in early spring, each year, sprinkle a slow-release granular combination of fertilizer-insecticide at the base of each rose.
Re-apply as the package directs, usually every six weeks.
SOIL FOR ROSES: No matter which fertilizer you choose, rose love rich, moisture retentive soil.
Loose soil allows nutrients to penetrate deeply, reaching the roses roots and giving nutrition where it's needed.
Provide good soil by working in an abundance of compost at planting time.
After your rose is planted, you can further improve the soil each spring, by working a gallon or two of compost into the surface of the soil around your roses.
PRUNING: Pruning increases flower production and makes the rose plants more attractive.
Thin out dead wood, weak, and old growth.
Then reduce the size of the rose plant according to the type of rose.
PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL: Check your roses daily for disease and insects.
Early attention and preventive care are particularly effective.
LEARN ROSE GARDENING SUMMARIES: They need lots of sunshine, good drainage, nutrients and water.
These needs are easily satisfied by planting them in a sunny spot in your garden with good drainage.
If drainage is a problem in your garden, simply make a raised bed about a foot high and fill it with good quality garden soil.
Amend the soil by incorporating plenty of organic composted aged manure and organic matter.
This is important as very few plants grow well in poor soil, especially roses.
Roses also need a steady supply of nutrients, so feed them several times during the growing season with an organic rose fertilizer, such as fish emulsion.
Keep your roses mulched by top dressing them with 2-3 inch layer of a good quality mulch, such as finely shredded bark, readily available at the garden centers.
Newly planted roses need to be deep watered daily until established.
Then deep water twice a week, about 4-5 gallon per plant.
Apply the water directly to the base of the plant and avoid over head watering.
The best way to learn rose gardening is by actually doing it.
Follow the basics guidelines and select roses that fit your climate and you'll be fine, and remember to have fun and enjoy rose gardening.