Planting a rose garden is great garden project and should be a lot of fun.
It's important that you source out the most disease resistant rose varieties specific to your region.
Choosing the best planting location when doing rose planting is crucial as is the rose planting position.
Planting rose bushes in your garden takes some planning and it it's worth it to do it right.
A well-planted rose becomes a beautiful rose.
A good planting start makes all the difference in how the plant will flower and perform over the years.
I would say, it's the difference between success and failure, so it makes sense to do it right.
And never skimp on the soil preparation when planting your roses.
They might survive, but I guarantee they won't be as healthy and won't bloom nearly as well, if you skimp on the soil prep.
The ideal location for planting a rose garden is a spot that has the following requirements.
At least six hours of direct sunlight, starting with morning sun.
Morning sun is important, as it allows the sun to dry off the dew on the foilage, thereby preventing fungus diseases.
It is extremely important that the soil have good drainage.
Roses hate "wet feet", and will actually die if allowed to sit in standing water or in soil with poor drainage.
If your soil doesn't drain well, you are better off building a raised bed about 18-24 inches high, otherwise your roses will suffer and wilt.
If you are going to be planting a rose garden, for example a group of roses in a large bed, be sure to prepare the soil several days ahead of planting.
The goal is to have loose soil, so the feeder roots can grow quickly.
The sooner the feeder roots grow out below the ground, the sooner you rose will grow above ground, and the sooner the rose bush will flower.
Work the soil to about a foot deep using a garden fork.
Be sure to add plenty of composted manure and other organic matter.
Water deeply to settle the soil, then wait a couple of days before planting your roses.
Digging a proper hole is super important.
Dig a hole at least 2 feet deep and 2 feet wide.
Put the backfill in a wheelbarrow, this will make it easier to mix in fertilizers and other amendments.
This is also the best time to adjust soil pH or add nutrients that are in short supply.
I also recommend adding a cup of bone-meal to each planting hole.
And I always scratch in some epsom salt, about a cup, also.
Space your roses about 20-30 inches apart, this will help you when pruning the roses and for air circulation which roses really like.
Soil pH is a measurement of the soil's acidity or alkalinity, measured in a range from 1 to 14. A pH of 7 is neutral.
Soils with pH below 7 are acidic, and become more acidic the lower the number goes.
Soils with a pH value above 7 are alkaline, and become more alkaline as the number goes up.
Roses prefer a slightly acidic soil pH.
Ideal soil pH for most roses is between 6 to 6.5, but they grow pretty well in a pH range from 5.6 to 7.2.
If the soils are overly acidic, which is most often the case, or too alkaline( it occurs naturally in some areas), adjusting the pH with one or several soil amendments is VITAL.
A soil pH that is too high or too low interferes with, or prevents the chemical reactions that make nutrients available to plants.
This step is important when planting a rose garden, and should not be skipped.
Your local nursery can give you a general idea of what your soil pH is, or perform a soil test using a sample of your garden soil.
You can adjust acidic soil by adding dolomitic limestone.
Correct alkaline soils by adding soil sulfur.
Again a local professional is the best source of how much and what to add.
When planting a rose garden with roses that are already potted up in containers from the nursery, water the roses thoroughly the day before planting.
Dig the hole according to 'digging a proper hole above' and add soil amendments to the backfill, such as composted manure, blood meal and bone meal, and other amendments needed to adjust your soils pH value.
Place your new rose in the hole, pot and all, so you can see the proper planting depth.
The bud union should be at, or slighly above, the soil surface in mild-winter areas, or up to several inches below the soil in cold-winter areas.
Remove the container from the hole and remove the rootball from the pot.
If the roots form a solid, circling mass, gently loosen or cut them.
If you don't, the rose will be slow to adapt to the new hole and take a long time to grow.
If the roots are really tight, make three or four vertical cuts along the sides of the rootball with a knife.
Don't cut any deeper than an inch.
The roots will eventually branch out into the surrounding soil.
Add a couple of shovels of the amended backfill soil to the planting hole and set the rose in the hole, disturbing the roots as little as possible.
After correcting the soil level and adding the rest of the amended backfill, water thoroughly.
If you are planting in hot weather, don't let the new plant dry out.
Until the roots grow out into the surrounding soil, you will have to treat it like it's still in the pot.
That means you have to water every few days if not more.
If you are planting in winter, mound soil over the canes, about 4-6 inches.
Water all newly planted roses every three days- more often if the weather is hot.