This page is about pruning roses and early spring care for rose bushes. You will also find pruning techniques for all types of roses.
There are different opinions on when you should begin pruning roses, which happens to be the first spring care of roses.
You should wait until all danger of frost is gone in your area. Some people wait until the forsythia is in bloom.
Most rose experts agree that you should remove dead and diseased wood ant time of the year.
The American Rose Society, which I am a member of, recommends to begin pruning while the rose bush is still dormant and before it breaks dormancy.
When you prune while the rose is still dormant it's easier to get an unobstructed view of all the canes.
So it's easier to see dead and diseased wood, crossing canes and spindly twiggy growth.
All of which should be removed before tha rose bush leafs out.
So by removing all the weakest and smallest canes, the rose will send growth energy and nutrients to the the healthy and strongest canes.The Correct Pruning Cut This picture show the best way to prune rose canes. Just look for an outward pointing bud and cut 1/4 inch above there exactly like the picture shows you. Pruning is a pretty straight forward procedure, and once you get over your initial fright of pruning and cutting back your rose bush, you will be on your way to a healthy, abundantly flowering rose garden.
Before pruning, you need to know that some roses bloom on "old wood", and some bloom on "new wood".
Blooming on old wood means means that the blooms are produce on the canes that grew last summer.
If you prune back a rose that blooms on old wood, in early spring, you will then remove the roses that would have bloomed in the coming summer.
Therefore these "once blooming" roses are pruned right after the first bloom is finished, sometimes in late June or early July.
This category of roses include species roses and once bloomingold garden roses.
Modern garden roses are repeat blooming and should be pruned in spring
The most common modern roses are hybrid teas, floribundas, grandifloras, miniatures, minifloras ans shrub roses.
Pruning in early spring signals the plant to end it's dormancy and start its growth cycle.
A general rule of thumb for pruning the height of your rose bush is to remove about 1/3 of last years growth.
All branches should be shortened, even if you only remove the tip.
Keep in mind, that the shorter you make the bush, the longer it will take to start blooming.
Cut the cane so that there is a bud at the top of the angle that is facing out from the center of the bush.
You do not want the emerging cane to grow toward the center of the bush. The idea is thet the center should remain uncluttered.
This page will take to pruning techiques for hybrid teas, floribundas, grandifloras, shrub roses, climbing roses and miniatures.
My page about caring for roses has all the rose bush care you need to be familiar with to have healthy, beautifully blooming roses in yiur garden.
Sealing the pruned canes. After the canes have been pruned, I apply a drop of white Elmer's Glue, to the cut.
This prevents the "cane bores" wasp from laying egg on the open cane.
The eggs hatch into larvae that bore down into the canes causing it to die back, sometimes all the way to the bud union.
Once you have finished pruning be sure to clean up the beds.
Many diseases and some insects winter over in the garden so it's important to get rid of all leaves and cuttngs.
Wait to fertilize your roses until you see the new foilage emerging.
You should deep water before fertilizing and also after.
Roses require food, water and sunshine to flower well and thrive.
Give your roses all the attention they need and they will reward you with lots of rose blooms.