Rose Growing Basics
Choosing and Growing Garden Roses
Rose growing basics: How to chose and grow roses in a landscape or garden.
Growing roses is easy if you choose the right rose for your garden situation, and if you choose easy to grow roses
that are low maintenance.
Providing good growing conditions for your roses is critical for success for sure.
So what is a low maintenance, easy to grow rose?
These terms are for easy-care, and disease-and pest-resistant roses that have a fairly long bloom time.
They are shrub roses that have a compact, shrubby growth habit that looks good in a landscape or garden.
Choosing The Site
Roses are sunlovers, so you need to plant them where they will get at least 6 hours of of direct, unfiltered sun light per day.
Less sun light will invite pests and disease and also result in a lot less flowers.
Good drainage is a must, and if your garden doesn't have it, I recommend you build a raised bed.
Although roses like moist soil, they very much dislike soggy soil. It will actually kill them.
Provide good soil by working in plenty of organic composted manure or garden compost.
Give air circulation. Many disease problems can be prevented by planting roses where air can circulate freely around them.
Regular watering is very important. In arid dry climates, especially, roses need regular watering of the soil. Not the foilage.
A drip, bubbler, or micro-sprinkler system is something you should consider. It will cut down on maintenance for sure.
Choosing The Roses
Rose Growing Basics
It's important to know your area's climate and gardening zone, before choosing roses.
Many rose varieties die during winter in cold climate zones, so only choose cold hardy roses if your have cold winters.
In areas with high humidity, many roses will suffer from powdery mildew and molds.
And in dry arid climates, they will wither and die from drought and heat, if not watered regularly and plentifully.
- Choose the right size. Roses can grow from one foot tall and wide, to thirty feet tall and ten feet wide. Read
plants labels carefully.
- Consider form. Roses can be tall, sprawling climbers, or neat compact shrubs. Others, such as hybrid tea
roses, have elegant "vase" shapes, and others are groundcovers.
- Consider flower form. Some roses have a single row of petals while others have many layers of petals. Hybrid
teas have beautiful oval, pointed buds that open into a classic rose shape.
- Flowering pattern is also important because when and how much the rose flowers is what you need to know. Roses
may bloom only once in June, or repeat flower in flushes all season long. You should read the plant label for rose
growing basics for flowering.
- Check for fragrance. If fragrance is important, and it usually is, at least for me, make sure you are choosing
a fragrant rose. Roses range from no scent, to lightly scented, to intensely fragrant. Read the label if there are no
blooms to sniff.
Using Roses In A Garden
Rose Growing Basics
- Roses in a mixed border. Roses grow well with annuals, perennials, herbs and even shrubs with non-invasive roots. Underplanting hybrid tea roses, which tend to be leggy, with low-growing perennials makes the roses even more attractive.
- The rose garden. Many gardeners who love roses, create a whole garden bed with nothing but roses. But even a rose garden looks better with a little variety. Consider planting them with lavender, bellflowers, and hardy geraniums.
- Roses as hedges. Don't limit your hedges to evergreen shrubs. Any tall, vigorous rose bush makes a good choice for an informal flowering hedge.The fragrance will perfume your garden, and the thorns make the hedge hard to penetrate.
- Roses for cutting. You could create a special area for cutting roses. But you don't really need to, because roses like to be cut. It's a form of deadheading. Hybrid teas make superb cut flowers because their long stems and long vase life.
- Climbing roses. They are perfect for small gardens as they grow vertically and take up very little square foot. Climbing roses can scramble over arbors, pillars, and can be trained on trellises.
- As a miniature rose. Mini roses, the leaves, flowers are miniaturized, and look adorable. They are perfect for containers, or in front of the border, and also for window boxes.
- Groundcover roses. These low, sprawling roses are good for planting on slopes or in other sunny area where a groundcover is needed.
- Standard or tree roses. These types of roses are trained into a lollipop shape. Tree roses are great for vertical accents in flower beds and for containers.
These rose growing basics tips will help you grow beautiful roses in your garden.