>Winterizing roses and how to protect and give cold weather care, winter care for roses, so they survive winter temperatures, is an important aspect of winter maintenance for roses.
If you live in a cold climate, fall is the time to start preparing your roses for winter, it's called winterizing your roses.
Even though many roses continue to bloom until October or even later, the rose plants need to start hardening off to help them survive winter temperatures.
I recommend using a Winter Rose Collar to keep your roses protected during the winter.
It really provides the best winter care for roses that I have found.
In the northern half of the United States, or other cold regions of the World, stop fertilizing and deadheading roses in late summer or early fall to discourage lush new growth, that would not have time to harden off before winter.
This is an important step of winterizing roses. Watering can taper off as cold weather arrives, but never let roses dry out and become drought stressed since this can increase the chance of winter injury.
In fact give your roses a good soak so they go into dormancy well hydrated.
Prune in early spring, but in some cases a little late fall pruning is also advisable. But only when the rose is dormant for winter and not actively growing.
In cold regions, tender roses may need some late fall, early winter pruning, but wait until the rose is dormant to do any cutting.
This will help to accommodate methods of winter protection, such as tying up and wrapping in burlap, which is often done in the very coldest parts of the USA, Canada, and other cold winter regions around the World.
Many roses, including most Shrub roses and Old Garden roses, require little or no winter protection, except in very cold winter regions.
However, tender roses, such as Hybrid Tea roses and Grandiflora roses, must have multiple winter protection such as the Rose Collar mentioned above, in addition to the following advice.
In Zones 5-8, tender roses need to have the graft union and roots protected from changing winter temperatures.
When soil keeps freezing and thawing, it can twist the graft union and break feeder roots.
Winter protection also helps keep soil to evenly cool in the late winter or early spring.
One of the best ways to winterizing roses and provide basic winter protection for tender roses is by mounding soil over the crown and lower stems to a depth of 8-12 inches.
The sloping mound of soil will also protect the surrounding root system.
Protect roses with soil mounds from mid to late fall after one or more freezes.
Bring the soil in from another part of the yard, or purchase it.
Don't scrape up soil from around the rose plant since this will damage the roots and expose them to the cold.
For additional protection in zones 5-6, pile straw or dry leaves around the roses.
To keep mulch in place, when winterizing roses, form a corral around the rose plant using chicken wire or other mesh fencing secured by stakes.
Then fill in the corral with loose mulch. In spring remove the mulch and soil gradually as the weather warms up.
If you live in a cold climate, you might want to grow some of these roses, that can take sub zero temperatures. Just Click on the headline above.
Depending on how cold hardy your roses are and how cold your winters get, you may need to provide additional winterizing and cold protection for your roses.
Wrapping the rose in several layers of burlap, after mounding the rose as directed above, will provide significant cold protection.
Use heavy rope and circle the burlap wrapped rose and tie it (not too tight) in place.
If you have Climbing Roses, follow these Winter Protection For Climbing Roses instructions.
By following the steps above when winterizing roses wil help your roses survive cold winter temperatures.